to propel or cast in any way, especially to project or propel from the hand by a sudden forward motion or straightening of the arm and wrist:
to hurl or project (a missile), as a gun does.
to project or cast (light, a shadow, etc.).
to make it appear that ones voice is coming from a place different from its source, as in ventriloquism.
to direct or send forth (words, a glance, etc.).
to put or cause to go or come into some place, position, condition, etc., as if by hurling:
to throw someone into prison; to throw a bridge across a river; to throw troops into action.
to throw a shawl over ones shoulders.
to move (a lever or the like) in order to activate, turn on, disconnect, etc., an apparatus or mechanism:
to connect, engage, disconnect, or disengage by such a procedure:
Throw all your energy into your work. The FBI threw every available agent into the case.
He threw a hard left jab to his opponents chin.
to cause to fall to the ground, especially to hurl to the ground, as an opponent in wrestling.
to lose (a game, race, or other contest) intentionally, as for a bribe.
(of an animal, as a horse) to cause (someone) to fall off; unseat:
They threw a lavish party celebrating his 80th birthday.
(of domestic animals) to bring forth (young).
to twist (filaments) without attenuation in the production of yarn or thread.
to overcome with astonishment or confusion; amaze, disconcert, or confuse:
It was her falsetto voice on top of it all that really threw me.
to cast, fling, or hurl a missile or the like.
an act or instance of throwing or casting; cast; fling.
the distance to which anything is or may be thrown:
the distance between the center of a crankshaft and the center of the crankpins, equal to one half of the piston stroke.
the distance between the center of a crankshaft and the center of an eccentric.
the movement of a reciprocating part in one direction.
(in a motion-picture theater) the distance between the projector and the screen.
(in an auditorium or the like) the distance between a loudspeaker and the audience.
a spotlight with a throw of 500 feet.
the distance to which a spotlight can be projected.
the area illuminated by a spotlight.
a light blanket, as for use when reclining on a sofa; afghan.
the number thrown with a pair of dice.
the act, method, or an instance of throwing an opponent.
the amount of vertical displacement produced by a fault.
to fail to use; miss (a chance, opportunity, etc.):
He threw away a college education and a professional career.
to retard the development or advancement of:
His illness threw him back a year at school.
to force into dependence upon or necessary use of.
to revert to a type found in ones ancestry; manifest atavism:
Her red hair and blue eyes throw back to her great-grandmother.
They throw in breakfast with the room.
to bring into (a discussion, plan, etc.) as an addition; interject:
The president threw in an amusing anecdote to relieve the tension.
to throw off the wet poncho; to throw off the yoke of slavery.
to escape from or delay, as a pursuer.
The entertainer threw off a few songs and jokes to begin the show.
Thrown off by jeers, she forgot her lines.
to criticize or ridicule (usually followed by
to bring up for consideration; propose:
The committee threw out a few suggestions.
to cause to be out by throwing the ball to a fielder, especially an infielder, in time to prevent a batter or runner from reaching base safely:
The shortstop backhanded the ball and threw the batter out at first.
to eject from a place, especially forcibly:
He started making a disturbance so the bartenders threw him out.
to expel, as from membership in a club.
She threw over her first husband for another man.
to make in a hurried and haphazard manner.
Many nationalities have been thrown together in the American melting pot.
to point out, as an error; criticize.
(of a hawk) to fly suddenly upward.
He ordered four suits at $300 a throw.
to strive to attract the interest or attention of, especially in order to win the love or admiration of:
Dont expect me to throw myself at you.
to engage in with energy or enthusiasm:
She threw herself into learning the new routines.
to commit oneself to anothers mercy, generosity, support, etc.; trust in:
The members of his wifes family have all thrown themselves on him.
throw out the baby with the bathwater.
throw someone or something to the wolves
to place or leave (a person or thing) in a bad situation with no assistance, especially in order to protect oneself:
During the scandal, employees felt they had been thrown to the wolves by their employer.
to turn, spin, twirl, whirl; akin to
imply projecting something through the air.
is the general word, often used with an adverb that indicates direction, destination, etc.:
to throw a rope to someone, the paper away.
archaic except as used in certain idiomatic expressions (
to cast a net, black looks; cast down;
implies throwing with some force and definite aim:
is to throw lightly, as with an underhand or sidewise motion, or to move irregularly up and down or back and forth:
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.Cite This SourceExamples from the Web forthrowExpandContemporary Examples
In general, their presence is meant tothrowyou off your game by design.
Would a state with a keen understanding of the power of propaganda be so willing to justthrowaway such a trove of information?
Just wanted to place it in the context of slates needing picture choices thatthrowoff revenue to make the numbers work.
Archrival India has money tothrowaround, and Iran and Russia are also exerting influence in the region.
He went so far as tothrowan Activation Party in their honor just weeks before his September arrest.
Then he called for his servants and ordered them tothrowthe coffin into the Nile.
In a moment, by one word, I canthrowyou back into the slough from whence I dragged you.
Take my bridle off the wall, you, Jeff, andthrowit at my feet.
She shivered a little; then tossed her head as if tothrowoff the disturbing thoughts.
He said,throwyour handkerchief to whichever of us you love.
) to project or cast (something) through the air, esp with a rapid motion of the arm and wrist
to put or move suddenly, carelessly, or violently:
to bring to or cause to be in a specified state or condition, esp suddenly or unexpectedly:
the news threw the family into a panic
to direct or cast (a shadow, light, etc)
to project (the voice) so as to make it appear to come from other than its source
to cause to fall or be upset; dislodge:
to tip (dice) out onto a flat surface
to obtain (a specified number) in this way
to move (a switch or lever) to engage or disengage a mechanism
the last question on the test paper threw me
) to hurl (an opponent) to the ground
) to lose (a contest, fight, etc) deliberately, esp in boxing
(of a female animal, esp a cow) to give birth to (young)
to twist or spin (filaments) into thread
to be unenthusiastic about or discourage something
to strive actively to attract the attention or affection of
to involve oneself enthusiastically in
he threw himself on the mercy of the police
the distance or extent over which anything may be thrown:
the radial distance between the central axis of a crankshaft and the axis of a crankpin forming part of the shaft
a decorative light blanket or cover, as thrown over a chair
a sheet of fabric used for draping over an easel or unfinished painting, etc, to keep the dust off
) the vertical displacement of rock strata at a fault
) the deflection of a measuring instrument as a result of a sudden fluctuation
throw about,throwaway,throwback,throwback,throw in,throw off,throw out,throw over,throw together,throw up
to turn, torment; related to Old High German
Collins English Dictionary – Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012Cite This SourceWord Origin and History forthrowExpandv.
to project, propel, c.1300, from Old Englishþrawanto twist, turn writhe (past tenseþreow, past participleþrawen), from Proto-Germanic*thræ-(cf. Old Saxonthraian, Middle Dutchdræyen, Dutchdraaien, Old High Germandraen, Germandrehento turn, twist; not found in Scandinavian or Gothic), from PIE*tere-to rub, turn, rub by turning, bore (cf. Sanskritturahwounded, hurt, Greekteireinto rub, rub away, Latinterereto rub, thresh, grind, wear away, Old Church Slavonictiroto rub, Lithuaniantrinuto rub, Old Irishtaratharborer, Welshtarawto strike).
Not the usual Old English word for to throw (weorpan, related towarp(v.) was common in this sense). The sense evolution may be via the notion of whirling a missile before throwing it. The sense of put by force (e.g.throw in jail) is first recorded 1560; that of to confuse, flabbergast is from 1844; that of lose deliberately is from 1868.
Tothrow the book at (someone)is 1932, from notion of judge sentencing a criminal from a law book full of possible punishments. Tothrow (ones) hat in the ringissue a challenge, especially to announce ones candidacy, first recorded 1917. Tothrow upvomit is first recorded 1732.
act of throwing, 1520s, fromthrow(v.). Wrestling sense is first attested 1819.
To confuse and incapacitate; amaze; confound;flabbergast
: When he called me that it just about threw me
To lose a game, race, etc, deliberately;tank
: Basketball players confess that they have accepted bribes to throw games
(also pitch or toss) To be host or hostess at; arrange for
: The president has to throw him a luncheon/ One of his assistants actually pitched a party for me/ Kendall tossed a cocktail party for a group of us visiting writers
The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
All English speakers likely know this word
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